It is important to know that a server is used to provide services to multiple devices on a network. Servers are different from clients because they are dedicated to service provisioning, while clients are not dedicated to this task. Servers can play many different roles, and Windows servers even use the phrase “server role” to define the roles they play. For example, Windows servers can play the role of a file server, a print server, a DNS server, an Active Directory server, and many other roles. Windows servers have many features that make them easy to deploy, manage, and troubleshoot. These features include a familiar graphical interface in the Windows Desktop and a familiar text-mode interface in the Command Prompt. Newer versions of Windows Server also include a new text-mode interface called Windows PowerShell, which enhances the capabilities of the old Command Prompt while still supporting many of its features.
- Research the different editions of Windows Server online. Select the best edition for use as a dedicated web server in a small business with a limited budget.
- Add the File Services role to a Windows Server 2008 R2 installation and work with the FSRM tool.
- Browse a vendor’s website and explore the different types of servers they sell. Pay special attention to the form factor of each server.
- Review the history of Microsoft Windows to learn how it has evolved to become the operating system it is today.
Answers for Exercises
- Answers may vary slightly, but in most cases the Web Edition is the best choice. Some students may choose the Standard Edition simply because they feel the business would make a more effective investment with this edition because other services are also available. There is a strong argument for this choice and insufficient constraints are placed on the student to count it incorrect.
- Open the Server Manager and perform these steps:
- 1. Right-click on the Roles node and choose Add Roles.
- 2. If presented with the Before You Begin screen, click Next.
- 3. On the Select Server Roles screen, check the box to the left of the File Services role and click Next.
- 4. On the File Services screen, click the links to read more information, if you desire. When ready, click Next to continue.
- 5. On the Select Role Services screen, in addition to the File Server role service that is selected by default, select the File Server Resource Manager as well and then click Next.
- 6. On the Configure Storage Usage Monitoring screen, do not select any times, click Next.
- 7. On the Confirm Installation Selections screen, click Install.
- 8. When the installation is complete, click Close.
- 9. Click Start Administrative Tools File Server Resource Manager to explore the FSRM tool.
- Use websites such as Dell.com, IBM.com, and HP.com for this exercise.
- The following two sites are useful for this exercise:
- 1. Which one of the following is the best definition of a server?
- A. A network-connected device that provides IP routing to the network
- B. A network-connected device that provides services to the network and the devices on that network
- C. A stand-alone device that is used by a user to perform mathematical analysis
- D. A network-connected device that is used to access websites using a web browser
- 2. True or false. SQL Server may be categorized as an information service.
- 3. What kind of computing device consumes services on a network?
- A. Web Server
- B. DNS Server
- C. Client
- D. Ethernet cable
- 4. What Command Prompt command can be used to determine the version of Windows running on a machine?
- 5. Which server form factor allows multiple services to be placed in an enclosure much as add-on cards are installed in individual computers?
- A. Blade
- B. Desktop
- C. Rack Mount
- D. Convertible
- 6. Define a server role.
- 7. Define a feature.
- 8. What server role, in Windows Server 2008 R2, supports centralized scanner management?
- A. File Services
- B. Application Server
- C. Web Server
- D. Print and Document Services
- 9. What command is used to launch the Windows Command Prompt in Windows Server 2008 R2?
- A. Command.com
- B. PowerShell
- C. CMD
- D. Prompt
- 10. True or false. Windows Server 2008 R2 supports only IPv4.
Answers for Review Questions
1. B A server is a network-connected device that provides services to the network, such as IP configuration and name resolution, and the devices on that network. Servers may provide for file storage, authentication and many other services.
2. True Because SQL Server is a database management system, it is used to store the information of value to an organization. It is also used to analyze and retrieve this information. Therefore, it is categorized as an information service.
3. C A client is defined as a computing device or application that consumes services. Servers provide the services that clients consume.
4. ver. The ver command shows the version number (not the name) of the operating system. For example, Windows Server 2008 R2 is the name of an operating system, but the version is 6.1.
5. A Blade servers are installed into docking stations called enclosures. Some companies use unique terms for the enclosures, such as the BladeCenter offered by IBM.
6. A collection of responsibilities provided to the network or networked devices
7. A software program that supports or augments the functionality of server roles
8. D The Print and Document Services role allows you to share printers and scanners on the network. You can centralize both printer and scanner management through this role.
9. C The CMD command is used to launch the Windows Command Prompt. Command.com is the older 16-bit command interpreter from Windows 3.1 and DOS.
10. False IPv4 and IPv6 are supported in Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2.