Windows servers may be installed using interactive installations, unattended installations, or from Windows Deployment Servers (WDS). Interactive installations are common because many organizations have fewer than a dozen servers. In organizations with dozens or hundreds of servers, unattended installations are very useful because they save time during the installation process. You can also upgrade a server to Windows Server 2008 R2 as long as it is running Windows Server 2003 with SP2 or later and is a 64-bit edition of the server product. Windows Server Core installations, which provide a Command Prompt interface as the primary administrative method, provide streamlined operations, but also have limited support for server roles. Finally, one of the most troublesome aspects of operating system installation is acquiring the proper devices drivers. Windows servers have several benefits in this area, including the ability to install, upgrade, disable, and remove device drivers.
- Install Windows Server 2008 R2 on a machine and go through the Initial Configuration Wizard.
- Perform a Server Core installation and use the sconfig command to perform initial configuration.
- Browse a vendor’s website to see where you can retrieve device drivers for their server equipment.
- Review Microsoft’s documentation on upgrading to Windows Server 2008 R2.
Answers for Exercises
- The installation can be performed in a virtual machine. Perform the installation using the same steps outlined earlier in the chapter.
- The installation can be performed in a virtual machine. Perform the installation using the same steps outlined earlier in the chapter, but select the Server Core installation option.
- The Intel website at www.intel.com includes a support section; however, many other vendors do as well.
- Use the following website: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff968983(WS.10).aspx
- 1. What kind of server is less likely to perform well in a virtual installation?
- A. Print servers
- B. Database servers
- C. Domain Controllers
- D. Web server
- 2. True or false: Virtualization helps to reduce power consumption in server rooms.
- 3. What is the minimum processor requirement for a Windows Server 2008 R2 installation when the processor is a dual-core processor?
- A. 1.4 GHz
- B. 1.3 GHz
- C. 1 GHz
- D. 2 GHz
- 4. What is the minimum requirement for RAM for either Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2?
- 5. What keystroke sequence will display a Command Prompt window during the early stages of Windows Server installation?
- A. Ctrl+Shift+Esc
- B. Ctrl+C
- C. Shift+F10
- D. Shift+C
- 6. Define a device driver?
- 7. What does PXE stand for?
- 8. Which one of the following is not an initial configuration task?
- A. Configuring networking
- B. Configuring the date and time
- C. Setting a computer name
- D. Adding the Active Directory Domain Services role
- 9. What tool is used to create the unattend.xml answer file?
- A. Initial Configuration Wizard
- B. Microsoft Deployment Toolkit
- C. Windows System Image Manager
- D. Application Compatibility Toolkit
- 10. True or false: An unsigned driver is always just as safe as a signed driver.
Answers for Review Questions
- 1. B Database servers are very I/O intensive. I/O intensive servers do not work as well in virtual environments.
- 2. True Because multiple virtual servers run on a single physical server, total power consumption is reduced.
- 3. B A dual-core processor must run at a minimum of 1.3 GHz or faster. A single-core processor must run at 1.4 GHz or faster.
- 4. 512 MB. The minimum requirement is 512 MB, but most organizations start with a baseline that doubles this to 1 GB.
- 5. C Press Shift+F10 to bring up a Command Prompt window during the installation process.
- 6. A software module that communicates with the hardware device and the operating system.
- 7. Preboot Execution Environment
- 8. D Adding the AD DS role may be performed on some servers, but it is not required on all servers. Most of the initial configuration tasks must be performed on all server installations.
- 9. C The Windows System Image manager (WinSIM) comes with the Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK) and provides a GUI interface for creating and managing unattend.xml files.
- 10. False Signed drivers are validated to come from a trusted source. Unsigned drivers are not. It is up to you to ensure that the unsigned driver is safe based on your knowledge of its source.