Application servers abound on modern networks. If you are preparing for the 98-365 Windows Administration Fundamentals exam, you will need to identify the different server types and the functions they provide to the network. Email servers allow users to send and receive emails. Database servers provide access to databases for user applications and other server applications. Collaboration servers allow users to share information, documents, and communications. Monitoring servers watch the activity on other servers or the network and respond based on their configurations. Threat management servers monitor the network and computers to ensure compliance with security policy and to prevent malware from entering the system.
- Read about the planning and design process used to implement the Forefront Threat Management Gateway at: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc441674.aspx
- Download, install, and use the Exchange 2010 Mailbox Server Role Requirements Calculator to see the different requirements for the various Exchange Server roles.
- Install SQL Server Express 2008 R2 on a Windows server with the SQL Server Management Studio Express and explore the options provided in the administrative interface.
Answers for Exercises
- Visit the site and view the various design guides. The Installation Design Guide for Forefront TMG will be most useful in this scenario.
- Download the file from: http://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/v144-of-the-Exchange-2010-1912958d.
- Download the option labeled “Database with Management Tools” from this site: http://www.microsoft.com/express/Database/InstallOptions.aspx.
- Be sure to download the 64-bit edition because it is required for Windows Server 2008 R2.
- 1. SMTP uses what port for network communications?
- A. 110
- B. 25
- C. 21
- D. Dynamic
- 2. True or false: The Developer Edition of SQL Server offers all the same features as the Enterprise Edition.
- 3. What is the default mail server communications protocol used between a Microsoft Outlook client and an Exchange Server?
- A. POP3
- B. SIP
- C. MAPI
- D. IMAP
- 4. What is an example of a Microsoft monitoring server?
- 5. What type of database application-server plan includes more than one server for a single application solution?
- A. Localized
- B. Client/server
- C. N-tier
- D. Web server
- 6. Define a mail server.
- 7. Define a collaboration server.
- 8. What component of the Forefront Threat Management Gateway is responsible for scanning the network traffic for malware?
- A. Email security
- B. Web malware detection
- C. Network inspection service
- D. HTTPS inspection
- 9. Which one of the following is not a feature of SharePoint 2010?
- A. Social tagging
- B. Access to external data sources
- C. Malware scanning
- D. Document sharing
- 10. True or false: A database server and a database are the same thing.
Answers for Review Questions
- 1. B By default, SMTP uses port 25 and POP3 uses port 110. FTP usually operates on port 21 and MAPI uses dynamic ports.
- 2. True The Developer Edition is exactly like the Enterprise Edition except that it is not licensed for production use.
- 3. C While POP3 and IMAP may be supported, the default protocol used is the MAPI protocol.
- 4. SCOM, SCVMM, and DPM. Each of these solutions is a monitoring solution for different purposes.
- 5. C An n-tier application-server plan includes more than one server, where n is the number of tiers in the model. For example, if a user opens a web browser to access a SharePoint site and then uses the search engine on that site, one server could provide the web frontend while another performs the search.
- 6. A server that can send and receive email messages on the behalf of users and store messages in user mailboxes.
- 7. A server that provides collaboration services such as instant messaging, calendar sharing, document sharing, and workflow processes.
- 8. C The Network inspection service (NIS) scans the network packets looking for malware and other attack types.
- 9. C SharePoint 2010 is a collaboration solution. It does not offer malware scanning.
- 10. False The database server or database management system (DBMS) is not the same thing as the database. The database server or DBMS provides access to the database for users or applications.